Optimal lab ranges

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Biomarker Category Units Reference range
16-OH-E1 DUTCH ng/mg
1 - 3.5 ng/mg
2-Methoxy-E1 DUTCH ng/mg
2 - 5.5 ng/mg
2-OH-E1 DUTCH ng/mg
4.6 - 14.4 ng/mg
2-OH-E2 DUTCH ng/mg
0 - 1.2 ng/mg
24hr Free Cortisol DUTCH ug
80 - 185 ug
24hr Free Cortisone DUTCH ug
220 - 400 ug
4-OH-E1 DUTCH ng/mg
0 - 1.8 ng/mg
5a-Androstanediol DUTCH ng/mg
12 - 30 ng/mg
5a-DHT DUTCH ng/mg
0 - 8.8 ng/mg
5b-Androstanediol DUTCH ng/mg
20 - 75 ng/mg
8-OHdG (Waking) DUTCH ng/mg
0 - 4.5 ng/mg
a-Pregnanediol DUTCH ng/mg
580 - 3000 ng/mg
a-Tetrahydrocortisol (a-THF) DUTCH ng/mg
75 - 265 ng/mg
Acetate Stool %
44.5 - 72.4 %
Albumin Liver Health g/dL
g/L
3.4 - 5 g/dL
34 - 50 g/L
Albumin/Globulin Ratio Liver Health Ratio
1 - 2 Ratio
ALP (Alkaline Phosphatase) Liver Health U/L
IU/L
44 - 126 U/L
44 - 126 IU/L
ALT (Alanine-aminotransferase) Liver Health U/L
IU/L
7 - 55 U/L
7 - 55 IU/L
Ammonia Blood Health µmol/L
11 - 55 µmol/L
Amylase Pancreas Health U/L
25 - 115 U/L
Androsterone DUTCH ng/mg
399 - 1364 ng/mg
Anion Gap Electrolytes mEq/L
3 - 11 mEq/L
Anti DNAse B Titer Other U/mL
0 - 251 U/mL
Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH) Endocrinology pmol/L
5.5 - 37.4 pmol/L
AST (Aspartate-aminotransferase) Liver Health U/L
IU/L
10 - 34 U/L
10 - 34 IU/L
b-Pregnanediol DUTCH ng/mg
2000 - 9000 ng/mg
b-Tetrahydrocortisol (b-THF) DUTCH ng/mg
1050 - 2070 ng/mg
b-Tetrahydrocortisone (b-THE) DUTCH ng/mg
1550 - 3150 ng/mg
Band Neutrophils White Blood Cells %
0 - 6 %
Basophils White Blood Cells cells/mcL
cells/uL
0 - 0.1 cells/uL
0 - 0.1 cells/uL
Basophils (Percent) White Blood Cells %
0 - 1 %
Beneficial SCFAs Stool micromol/g
13.6 - 50 micromol/g
Bilfidobacterium Stool Units
4 - 10 Units
Bilirubin Direct Liver Health mg/dL
µmol/L
0 - 0.3 mg/dL
0 - 5.13 µmol/L
Bilirubin Total Liver Health mg/dL
µmol/L
0.1 - 1.23 mg/dL
1.71 - 21.033 µmol/L
Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) Kidney Health mg/dL
mmol/L
7 - 20 mg/dL
2.499 - 7.14 mmol/L
Bordetella Pertussis (IgG/IgM) Other index
0 - 0.94 index
BUN/Creatinine Ratio Kidney Health :1 ratio
10 - 20 :1 ratio
C-Reactive Protein (CRP) Blood Health mg/L
0 - 1 mg/L
Calcium Electrolytes mg/dL
mmol/L
9.3 - 9.9 mg/dL
2.325 - 2.475 mmol/L
Calprotectin Stool mcg/g
0 - 50 mcg/g
Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Electrolytes mEq/L
mmol/L
23 - 29 mEq/L
23 - 29 mmol/L
CD1656 Other U/L
100 - 1000 U/L
CD19 Other U/L
200 - 2100 U/L
CD3 Other U/L
900 - 4500 U/L
CD4 Other U/L
500 - 2400 U/L
CD4/CD8 Ratio Other Ratio
2 - 4 Ratio
CD8 Other U/L
300 - 1600 U/L
Chloride Electrolytes mEq/L
mmol/L
98 - 107 mEq/L
98 - 107 mmol/L
Cholesterol (Stool) Stool mg/g
0.2 - 3.5 mg/g
Chymotrypsin Stool U/g
0.9 - 26.8 U/g
Coenzyme Q10 Other mg/L
0.44 - 1.64 mg/L
Coproporphyrin I Urinalysis mcg/g creat
5.6 - 28.6 mcg/g creat
Coproporphyrin III Urinalysis mcg/g creat
4.1 - 76.4 mcg/g creat
Cortisol Endocrinology µg/dL
nmol/L
2.3 - 19.4 µg/dL
63.457 - 535.246 nmol/L
Cortisol A (Waking) DUTCH ng/mg
12 - 40 ng/mg
Cortisol B (Morning) DUTCH ng/mg
38 - 120 ng/mg
Cortisol C (Afternoon) DUTCH ng/mg
7.3 - 21 ng/mg
Cortisol D (Night) DUTCH ng/mg
0 - 10 ng/mg
Cortisone A (Waking) DUTCH ng/mg
40 - 100 ng/mg
Cortisone B (Morning) DUTCH ng/mg
90 - 200 ng/mg
Cortisone C (Afternoon) DUTCH ng/mg
32 - 80 ng/mg
Cortisone D (Night) DUTCH ng/mg
0 - 42 ng/mg
Creatine kinase Muscle Health U/L
µkat/L
IU/L
24 - 204 U/L
0.408 - 3.468 µkat/L
24 - 204 IU/L
Creatinine Kidney Health mg/dL
µmol/L
umol/L
0.51 - 0.95 mg/dL
45.084 - 83.98 µmol/L
0.51 - 0.95 umol/L
Creatinine A (Waking) DUTCH mg/ml
0.2 - 2 mg/ml
Creatinine B (Morning) DUTCH mg/ml
0.2 - 2 mg/ml
Creatinine C (Afternoon) DUTCH mg/ml
0.2 - 2 mg/ml
Creatinine D (Night) DUTCH mg/ml
0.2 - 2 mg/ml
Deoxycholic acid (DCA) Stool mg/g
0.67 - 6.76 mg/g
DHEAS (Serum) Endocrinology mcg/dL
145 - 395 mcg/dL
DHEAS (Urin) DUTCH ng/mg
23 - 350 ng/mg
Diptheria Antibodies Other IU/ml
0.1 - 0.3 IU/ml
Eosinophil Protein X Stool mcg/g
0 - 4.6 mcg/g
Eosinophils White Blood Cells cells/mcL
cells/uL
0.015 - 0.5 cells/uL
0.015 - 0.5 cells/uL
Eosinophils (Percent) White Blood Cells %
1 - 3 %
Epi-Testosterone DUTCH ng/mg
4.5 - 22.3 ng/mg
Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR) Cardiovascular Health mm/hr
1 - 20 mm/hr
Escherichia coli Stool Units
2 - 10 Units
Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate Kidney Health mL/min per 1.73 m2
60 - 120 mL/min per 1.73 m2
Estradiol(E2) DUTCH ng/mg
1.8 - 4.5 ng/mg
Estriol(E3) DUTCH ng/mg
5 - 18 ng/mg
Estrone(E1) DUTCH ng/mg
12 - 26 ng/mg
Etiocholanolone DUTCH ng/mg
371 - 765 ng/mg
Fecal Fat Stool mg/g
2.6 - 32.4 mg/g
Ferritin Blood Health µg/dL
µmol/L
ng/mL
ug/L
18 - 270 µg/dL
3.222 - 48.33 µmol/L
18 - 270 ng/mL
18 - 270 ug/L
Folate (Folic Acid) Vitamins & Minerals ng/mL
nmol/L
5.3 - 20 ng/mL
12.0098 - 45.32 nmol/L
Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH) Gonadotropins IU/L
4.7 - 21.5 IU/L
Free Androgen Index Metabolic Health u
0 - 6.6 u
FREE T3 Metabolic Health pmol/L
2.6 - 5.7 pmol/L
Free T4 Metabolic Health ng/dL
pmol/L
0.7 - 1.53 ng/dL
9.009 - 19.6911 pmol/L
Free testosterone Metabolic Health pg/mL
8.7 - 25.1 pg/mL
Free Thyroxine Metabolic Health ng/dL
pmol/L
0.6 - 1.2 ng/dL
0.6 - 1.2 pmol/L
GGT Liver Health U/L
IU/L
0 - 38 U/L
0 - 38 IU/L
Globulin Liver Health g/L
mg/dL
g/dL
19 - 35 g/L
1900 - 3500 mg/dL
1.9 - 3.5 g/dL
Glucose Metabolic Health mg/dL
mmol/L
3.6075 - 5.55 mmol/L
3.6075 - 5.55 mmol/L
Glutamic Acid Decarboxylase Metabolic Health nmol/L
0 - 0.5 nmol/L
HAEMOGLOBIN (g/L) Blood Health g/L
138 - 151 g/L
Haemoglobin A1c Blood Health %
0 - 0 %
HAEMOGLOBINe Blood Health g/L
g/dL
138 - 151 g/L
13.8 - 15.1 g/dL
HDL Cardiovascular Health mg/dL
mmol/L
60 - 180 mg/dL
1.554 - 4.662 mmol/L
Hematocrit (HCT) Blood Health %
40 - 45 %
Hemoglobin Blood Health g/dL
g/L
13 - 17.7 g/dL
130 - 177 g/L
Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) Metabolic Health %
0 - 4.6 %
Heptacarboxyporphyrin Urinalysis mcg/g creat
0 - 2.9 mcg/g creat
Hexacarboxyporphyrin Urinalysis mcg/g creat
0 - 5.4 mcg/g creat
Homocysteine Metabolic Health µmol/L
umol/L
0 - 10 µmol/L
0 - 10 umol/L
hsCRP Cardiovascular Health mg/L
0 - 0.8 mg/L
IGF-1 Metabolic Health ng/dL
114 - 492 ng/dL
Interleukin-6 Other pg/mL
0 - 15.5 pg/mL
Iron Blood Health µg/dL
µmol/L
umol/L
70 - 175 µg/dL
12.53 - 31.325 µmol/L
70 - 175 umol/L
IRON (Serum) Blood Health umol/L
9 - 30.4 umol/L
Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH) Blood Health U/L
135 - 214 U/L
Lactobacillus species Stool Units
2 - 10 Units
Large Unstained Cells (LUC) Blood Health x 10E3/ml
0 - 0.4 x 10E3/ml
Large Unstained Cells (Percent) Blood Health %
0 - 4.5 %
LCA / DCA Ratio Stool Ratio
0.39 - 2.07 Ratio
LDL Cardiovascular Health mg/dL
mmol/L
0 - 100 mg/dL
0 - 2.59 mmol/L
Lipase Pancreas Health U/L
23 - 160 U/L
Lithocholic acid (LCA) Stool mg/g
0.65 - 5.21 mg/g
Long Chain Fatty Acids (Stool) Stool mg/g
1.3 - 23.7 mg/g
Luteinizing Hormone (LH) Gonadotropins IU/L
5 - 25 IU/L
Lymphocytes White Blood Cells cells/mcL
cells/uL
1.5 - 3.5 cells/mcL
0.0015 - 0.0035 cells/uL
Lymphocytes (Percent) White Blood Cells %
20 - 40 %
Magnesium Blood Health mg/dL
mmol/L
1.8 - 2.5 mg/dL
0.7398 - 1.0275 mmol/L
Mean Cell Volume Blood Health fL/red cell
fl
75 - 95 fL/red cell
75 - 95 fl
Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin (MCH) Blood Health pg
27 - 33 pg
Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin Concentration (MCHC) Blood Health g/dL
mmol/L
g/L
32 - 35 g/dL
19.9 - 21.765625 mmol/L
320 - 350 g/L
Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV) Blood Health fl
80 - 96 fl
Mean Platelet Volume (MPV) Blood Health fl
7.5 - 11.5 fl
Melatonin (Waking) DUTCH ng/mg
10 - 50 ng/mg
Mercury Other ug/L
0 - 14.9 ug/L
Metabolized Cortisol (THF+THE) DUTCH ng/mg
2750 - 5400 ng/mg
Metanephrine Plasma Other pg/mL
0 - 62 pg/mL
Monocytes White Blood Cells K/MCL
abs
x10^9/L
0.2 - 0.9 K/MCL
0.2 - 0.9 abs
0.2 - 0.9 x10^9/L
Monocytes (Percent) White Blood Cells %
4.7 - 12.5 %
n-Butyrate Stool %
2.5 - 10 %
Neutrophils White Blood Cells cells/mcL
cells/uL
2 - 7.5 cells/mcL
0.002 - 0.0075 cells/uL
Neutrophils (%) White Blood Cells %
50 - 70 %
Normetanephrine Other pg/mL
0 - 145 pg/mL
Pancreatic Elastase 1 Stool mcg/g
200 - 1000 mcg/g
Pentacarboxyporphyrin Urinalysis mcg/g creat
0 - 3.5 mcg/g creat
Phosphate Vitamins & Minerals mg/dL
mmol/L
2.5 - 4.5 mg/dL
2.5 - 4.5 mmol/L
Phospholipids Stool mg/g
0.2 - 8.8 mg/g
Platelet count Blood Health µl
x10^9/L
x10/9/l
150 - 400 µl
150 - 400 x10^9/L
150 - 400 x10/9/l
Plateletcrit (PCT) Blood Health %
0.22 - 0.24 %
Polymorphs White Blood Cells %
40 - 75 %
Porphyrins Urinalysis mg
50 - 300 mg
Potassium (Kalium) Electrolytes mmol/L
3.6 - 5 mmol/L
Progesterone DUTCH ng/mL
6 - 20 ng/mL
Prolactin Gonadotropins mU/L
102 - 496 mU/L
Propionate Stool %
0 - 32.1 %
Putrefactive SCFAs Stool micromol/g
1.3 - 8.6 micromol/g
Pyruvate Other mg/dL
0.3 - 1.5 mg/dL
RDW-CV (Red Cell Distribution Width) Blood Health %
11.7 - 15 %
RDW-SD (Red Cell Distribution Width) Blood Health fl
39 - 46 fl
Red Blood Cells (Erythrocytes) Blood Health cells/mcL
x10^12/L
x10/12/l
4.2 - 5.2 cells/mcL
4.2 - 5.2 x10^12/L
4.2 - 5.2 x10/12/l
Rheumatoid factor Immune System IU/ml
0 - 13.9 IU/ml
Segmented Neutrophils White Blood Cells cells/mcL
1.5 - 8.5 cells/mcL
Segmented Neutrophils (Percent) White Blood Cells %
47 - 55 %
SHBG Metabolic Health nmol/L
10 - 33 nmol/L
Sodium (Natrium) Electrolytes mmol/L
137 - 144 mmol/L
Stool pH Stool pH
6.1 - 7.9 pH
Testosterone Metabolic Health ng/dL
nmol/L
ng/mL
468 - 1197 ng/dL
16.2396 - 41.5359 nmol/L
4.68 - 11.97 ng/mL
Testosterone (DUTCH) DUTCH ng/mg
4 - 14 ng/mg
Testosterone (Female/Child) Metabolic Health nmol/L
0 - 1.7 nmol/L
Tetanus Antibodies Other IU/ml
0.1 - 0.5 IU/ml
Thrombocytes Blood Health µl
150 - 400 µl
Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (TSH) Metabolic Health mIU/L
IU/L
0.5 - 4.5 mIU/L
0.5 - 4.5 IU/L
TIBC Blood Health ug/dL
µmol/L
umol/L
g/L
250 - 370 ug/dL
44.75 - 66.23 µmol/L
250 - 370 umol/L
250 - 370 g/L
Total cholesterol Cardiovascular Health mg/dL
mmol/L
100 - 170 mg/dL
2.59 - 4.403 mmol/L
Total DHEA Production DUTCH ng/mg
400 - 3000 ng/mg
Total Estrogen DUTCH ng/mg
27 - 62 ng/mg
Total Porphyrins Urinalysis mcg/g creat
23.3 - 132.4 mcg/g creat
Total Protein Liver Health g/dL
g/L
6 - 8.3 g/dL
60 - 83 g/L
Total T3 Metabolic Health ng/mL
0.8 - 2 ng/mL
Transferrin saturation Blood Health %
20 - 35 %
Triglycerides Cardiovascular Health mg/dL
mmol/L
0 - 100 mg/dL
0 - 1.13 mmol/L
Triglycerides (Stool) Stool mg/g
0.2 - 3.3 mg/g
Tumor Necrosis Factor Other pg/mL
0 - 8.1 pg/mL
UIBC Blood Health µg/dL
µmol/L
umol/L
150 - 375 µg/dL
26.85 - 67.125 µmol/L
150 - 375 umol/L
Uric Acid Kidney Health mg/dL
µmol/L
umol/L
3.4 - 7.2 mg/dL
202.232 - 428.256 µmol/L
3.4 - 7.2 umol/L
Urine Occult Blood Urinalysis mg/d
0 - 0 mg/d
Urine pH Urinalysis pH
5 - 8 pH
Urine Specific Gravity Urinalysis SG
1.001 - 1.035 SG
Uroporphyrin I Urinalysis mcg/g creat
3.1 - 18.2 mcg/g creat
Uroporphyrin III Urinalysis mcg/g creat
0 - 4.8 mcg/g creat
Vitamin A Vitamins & Minerals ug/dL
18 - 77 ug/dL
Vitamin B1 Vitamins & Minerals nmol/L
66.5 - 200 nmol/L
Vitamin B12 Vitamins & Minerals pg/mL
pmol/L
300 - 647 pg/mL
221.4 - 477.486 pmol/L
Vitamin C Vitamins & Minerals mg/dL
0.2 - 2.3 mg/dL
Vitamin D Vitamins & Minerals ng/mL
nmol/L
40 - 60 ng/mL
99.84 - 149.76 nmol/L
VLDL Cardiovascular Health mg/dL
2 - 36 mg/dL
White blood cells (Leucocytes) White Blood Cells x10E3/µL
x10^9/L
x10/9/l
4.5 - 10.8 x10E3/µL
4.5 - 10.8 x10^9/L
4.5 - 10.8 x10/9/l
Zinc Electrolytes µg/dL
µmol/L
60 - 130 µg/dL
9.18 - 19.89 µmol/L

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