A genus of Gram-positive anaerobic bacteria in the Clostridia class that inhabit the human colon. The Roseburia genus has five well-characterized species, all of which produce short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), such as acetate, propionate, and butyrate. Roseburia can also produce butyrate from acetate promoting balance in energy homeostasis. The genus is widely recognized to influence colonic motility, support immunity, and suppress inflammation.
Low levels are associated with several disease (including irritable bowel syndrome, obesity, Type 2 diabetes, nervous system conditions and allergies).
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