Pyruvic Acid feeds into the citric acid cycle & converts into acetyl CoA. Pyruvate is formed from carbohydrate via glucose or glycogen & secondarily from fats (glycerol) & glycogenic amino acids. Pyruvic acid is also formed from lactic acid with O2 and zinc.
Vitamins B1, B3, B5, Lipoic acid
Anaerobic energy production
Elevated by a number of nonspecific factors, including vigorous exercise, bacterial overgrowth of the GI tract, shock, poor perfusion, B-vitamin deficiency, mitochondrial dysfunction or damage, and anemia, among others.
Pyruvate may be elevated when B-vitamins, particularly B1 and B5, are insufficient. When both L-Lactate and pyruvate are high, there may be insufficient lipoic acid, a type of B-vitamin. Lipoic acid is an important antioxidant, so low levels can lead to aging-related illnesses. Many studies have shown that lipoic acid is helpful in treating diabetes and for assisting the liver with removing toxins from the body.
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