NxGen MDx Vaginosis Test
Performed by: NxGen MDx
The NxGen MDx Vaginosis Test looks for 99% of the causes of community-acquired vaginal infections, helping your doctor distinguish between different types of infections without relying on symptoms alone.
Bacterial vaginosis, or BV, is a common vaginal infection in women. It is the most common vaginal infection in women of childbearing age, including pregnant women.
While it is not a sexually transmitted disease (STD), some sexual behaviors increase the chances for BV. Women who have never had sex can also have BV.
How is it spread?
The vagina contains many different types of bacteria. Normally, there are large numbers of "good" bacteria that keep the number of "harmful" bacteria very low. Bacterial vaginosis occurs when this balance is upset and there are more "harmful" bacteria than "good" bacteria. The cause of BV is not fully understood.
The risk of BV is higher if you:
Have a new sex partner or multiple sex partners
Do not use condoms
Have a female sexual partner with BV
BV is more common in lesbian and bisexual women than in other women. The reason for this is unknown.
What are signs of BV in women?
Women with BV may have few or no signs of infection. Some women with BV have:
Increased vaginal discharge:
Gray or white in color
Sometimes has an unpleasant, fish-like odor, especially after sex
Itching or irritation in the vaginal area
Burning during urination
How do you know if you have BV?
BV can be diagnosed during a medical exam. To check for BV, your health care provider looks for signs of infection and collects a sample of vaginal fluid for lab tests.
How is it treated?
BV is treated with antibiotics. These can be in pill form, creams, gels, or ovules. Sometimes BV goes away without treatment.
Female partners of women with BV may need treatment. Male sexual partners do not need treatment
What can happen if you have BV for a long time?
Most often, BV does not cause other health problems. However, if left untreated, BV may increase your risk for:
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) like herpes, chlamydia, gonorrhea, and HIV
Pelvic inflammatory disease where BV bacteria infect the uterus or fallopian tubes. Pelvic inflammatory disease can cause infertility and increase the risk of ectopic (tubal) pregnancy.
An infection after a procedure on the female organs. This includes cesarean section, abortion, and surgery on the cervix or uterus.
Early labor or birth, if pregnant
If you have BV:
Always finish antibiotic treatment, even if the signs of BV go away
Talk to female sex partners about getting BV treatment
How can you avoid BV?
Protect the normal balance of bacteria in the vagina by:
Asking your sex partners to be examined for BV
Having sex with only one person who only has sex with you
Using condoms during sex
Reducing the number of sex partners
Washing the genital area daily with mild soap and water
For more information, see Safer Sex.
What about pregnancy?
BV is common in pregnant women. Treatment is very important. BV can increase the risk for:
Low birth weight babies
Early labor and birth
If you are pregnant and have BV, see your health care provider one month after finishing treatment.
Biomarkers included in this panel:
Prevotella bivia (P. bivia) is an anaerobic, non-pigmented, gramnegative bacillus which is naturally present in the human female vaginal tract, and it is also occasionally seen in the oral cavity. It has a high proliferative potential in the preLearn more