Metabolic Analysis Markers (Urine)

a-Ketophenylacetic Acid (from Styrene)

A healthy result should fall into the range 0 - 0.46 mmol/mol creatinine.

a-Ketophenylacetic Acid is a toxic breakdown product related to Styrene.

What is Styrene?

Styrene is a flammable liquid that is used to make polystyrene plastics, fiberglass, rubber, and latex. It occurs naturally in some fruits, vegetables, meats, nuts, and beverages.

Where is Styrene found?

- Consumer products – cigarettes, and many packaging, household, and building products

- Air – emissions from styrene-based products, cigarettes, vehicle exhaust, and copy machines

- Food and water – containing styrene from naturally occurring sources or contamination

What happens when I am exposed to Styrene?

Short-term:
Exposure to styrene can cause:

- Irritation to the eyes, skin, and nose
- Gastrointestinal effects
- Respiratory effects

Long-term:
Long-term exposure to styrene can cause:

- Central nervous system and kidney effects
- Headaches
- Depression
- Fatigue and weakness
- Hearing loss
- Balance and concentration problems

Who is at risk for exposure to Styrene?

Consumers
- Some food, packaging materials, and consumer and building products contain styrene.

Cigarette smokers
- Cigarette smoke and secondhand smoke contain styrene.

References: 

https://toxtown.nlm.nih.gov/chemicals-and-contaminants/styrene

a-Ketophenylacetic Acid (from Styrene) result calculator

insert the value from you a-Ketophenylacetic Acid (from Styrene) test result.

What does it mean if your a-Ketophenylacetic Acid (from Styrene) result is too high?

When high levels of a-Ketophenylacetic Acid (from Styrene) and a-Hydroxyisobutyric Acid (from MTBE) are found, the function of support systems such as the liver and kidneys may be impaired by excess toxin exposure.

Possible treatment options:

- Avoidance of styrene

- Hydration

- Antioxidants

- B12 may play a role in processing these compounds, so use low dose of Vitamin B12.

The detoxification markers, like a-Ketophenylacetic Acid, reflect increased exposure to environmental toxins, or up-regulation of detoxification pathways in response to stress. Collectively, when these markers are elevated:

1. Identify the source of toxin exposure.

2. Minimize or reduce exposure.

3. Consider the use of antioxidants, like glutathione, plus other nutrients and botanicals to support detoxification.

4. Helpful websites:

a. Tox Town https://toxtown.nlm.nih.gov

b. Environmental Working Group https://www.ewg.org

c. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry https://www.atsdr.cdc.gov

Are you concerned about your lab report?
Select your plan, upload your lab reports and we’ll provide you with a meaningful interpretation.

Basic Interpretation
  • Instant interpretation
  • Use self upload form
  • 800+ biomarkers explained
  • Nutrition Recommendations
  • Cancel anytime
Full Interpretation
  • Instant interpretation
  • We upload 4 reports for you
  • 800+ biomarkers explained
  • Nutrition Recommendations
  • Cancel anytime
  • Online support
Own It For Life
  • Unlimited access
  • No subscription
  • Instant interpretations
  • We upload 10 reports for you
  • 800+ biomarkers explained
  • Nutrition Recommendations
  • Dedicated support

Test results don't lie. Learn what is happening inside your body.

Health is not exactly rocket science. You just have to know what your body needs and doesn't need. Your medical tests contain that information. Upload them to our service and we’ll help you understand, organize, and act on them.

Get Started

Medical results explained and interpreted.

WE SUPPORT 1000+ BIOMARKERS INCLUDING BIOMARKERS FROM YOUR FAVOURITE LABS

Healthmatters.io customer review

"I was really concerned about my lab results and my GP was not able to see me for another week. Through HealthMatters I was able to interpret my results instantly."

Healthmatters.io thankfull female customer

"I've been keeping all my lab results in a spreadsheet, covering approximately 20 years. The HealthMatters team helped me upload that info into the cloud. I can show this data to my family and doctors now easily."

Healthmatters.io thankful young female customer

"I had no idea what my lab results meant. Here I found all the biomarkers that I was looking for online. Finally, I have not only organized them all neatly in one place, but I am also grateful to be able to understand what they mean."



Pricing
Privacy and security of personal data. HIPAA and GDPR compliant badges.

Your Privacy And Security

At HealthMatters, we're committed to maintaining the security and confidentiality of your personal information. We've put security measures in place to help protect against the loss, misuse or alteration of information under our control. We use procedural, physical and electronic security methods designed to prevent people who aren't authorized from getting access to this information. Our internal code of conduct adds additional privacy protection. See our Privacy Policy for more information.