Optimal Result: 75.3 - 192 mcg/dL.

Copper is part of enzymes, which are proteins that help biochemical reactions occur in every cell. Copper is involved in the absorption, storage and metabolism of iron. The symptoms of a copper deficiency are similar to iron deficiency anemia. The liver makes a special protein, ceruloplasm, to transport copper and help convert iron to a form that can be used by other tissues.

Copper is utilized by most cells as a component of enzymes involved in energy production, protection of cells from free radical damage, strengthening connective tissue, and brain neurotransmitter function. Excess zinc intake can result in a copper deficiency when intake of copper is insufficient.

Copper is required for over 30 metalloproteins involved in oxidation-reduction reactions; neurotransmitter, energy, myelin, and bone or connective tissue production; immune function; and hematopoeisis.



What does it mean if your Copper (plasma) result is too low?

An extensive body of evidence exists for copper deficiency associated with cardiovascular disease: aortic fissures and rupture, arterial foam cells and smooth muscle migration, cardiac enlargement and rupture, coronary artery thrombosis, and myocardial infarction.Mild copper deficiency can also contribute to elevated cholesterol, impaired glucose tolerance, and erythropoietin (= a hormone produced primarily by the kidneys) and iron resistant normocytic (= normal-sized red blood cells, but a low number of them) anemias, as well as neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, peripheral neuropathy, defective elastin, and bone demineralization. A type of myeloneuropathy similar to that seen in vitamin B12 deficiency, but responding to copper supplementation, has also been reported.

Menke’s disease is a copper deficiency condition. Dietary deficiency of copper is seen as low levels of erythrocyte copper even in early stages of copper depletion.

What does it mean if your Copper (plasma) result is too high?

Chronically elevated plasma copper may result in elevation of erythrocyte copper levels as well, although the two specimens represent different copper utilization. Approxiamately 80% of erythrocyte copper is associated with superoxide dismutase (SOD), while most plasma copper is bound to ceruloplasmin. RBC copper appears to be closely associated with hepatic copper utilization.

Chronic copper exposure via copper piping or copper cooking utensils can lead to poisoning. Environmental and occupational exposures and excess supplementation can also lead to high copper. Symptoms include nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.

High levels of copper can result in depression, irritability, muscle and joint pain, tremor, learning disabilities, behavioral disorders, and hemolytic anemia. Long term exposure to elevated copper can result in hepatic cirrhosis. Biliary obstruction is sometimes seen with high copper due to difficulty excreting copper. Renal dysfunction may be associated with high copper levels.

High blood levels of copper have been seen in Wilson’s disease and in the elderly. Autistic children have been shown to have high serum copper-zinc ratio and low ceruloplasmin. Copper dysregulation is present in some neurodegenerative conditions such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Parkinson’s disease, Down’s syndrome, and idiopathic seizure disorder.

10 000+ happy clients
100% satisfaction
★★★★★ customer support

Understand blood, stool, and urine medical results from your labs.

Get 10% off your plan.

Use promocode

Advanced Plan personal plan

  • Yearly subscription
  • Instant interpretation
  • We upload five reports for you
  • Use the free self-upload form
  • 2500+ biomarkers explained
  • Nutrition Recommendations
  • Online support
  • Cancel anytime

Own It For Life premium personal plan

  • No subscription
  • Unlimited access
  • Unlimited storage
  • Instant interpretations
  • We upload ten reports for you
  • Use the free self-upload form
  • 2500+ biomarkers explained
  • Nutrition Recommendations
  • Dedicated support

Pro Plan for health professionals

  • Track multiple clients results
  • No setup fees
  • No hidden costs
  • Cancel anytime
  • Instant interpretations
  • Use the free template forms
  • 2500+ biomarkers explained
  • Additional team member $25
  • Personal training and support

Healthmatters.io software for professional use.

Welcome to Healthmatters Pro.

Save time on interpreting lab results with the largest database of biomarkers online. In-depth research on any test at your fingertips, all stored and tracked in one place.

Learn More

We implement proven measures to keep your data safe.

At HealthMatters, we're committed to maintaining the security and confidentiality of your personal information. We've put industry-leading security standards in place to help protect against the loss, misuse, or alteration of the information under our control. We use procedural, physical, and electronic security methods designed to prevent unauthorized people from getting access to this information. Our internal code of conduct adds additional privacy protection. All data is backed up multiple times a day and encrypted using SSL certificates. See our Privacy Policy for more details.

General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). HIPAA compliance for healthcare professionals

Understand Your Lab Result Now

  • Instant interpretation
  • 2500+ biomarkers explained
  • Science-based recommendations
  • Online support
  • Secure and private portal

Get 10% off with promocode: