Optimal Result: 0 - 1.2 µg/g creatinine.

Urinary lead (Pb) provides an indication of recent or ongoing exposure to the toxic metal, and endogenous detoxification to a lesser extent. Low level Pb exposure is particularly problematic for the developing nervous system.

Dust and paint chips from Pb-based paint in older buildings are the most common sources of Pb exposure for children. Some types of artificial turf and rubber playground surfaces can also contain Pb. Imported toys and costume jewelry tainted with Pb can be an issue. Imported non-glossy, vinyl mini-blinds are known to contain lead. Water is a common source of exposure for Pb. Old plumbing, especially from 1930 or earlier, is a significant source for chronic exposure to Pb. Plumbing in very new homes may also be problematic, due to the use of leaded solder to join copper pipes. Well water may also be contaminated with Pb in pump components or the well seal. Old pipes that supply water to buildings may contaminate water with Pb.

Foods are not commonly contaminated with Pb, but imported candies or foods containing chili or tamarind may be contaminated with Pb. Lead has been reported to be present in chocolate (the darker the higher), cocoa powders, and some chocolate flavored whey protein concentrates. Some Ayurvedic medications have been found to contain high levels of Pb and other toxic metals. Pb may get into foods or
liquids that have been stored in ceramics, pottery, china, or leaded-crystal.

Sources of air-borne Pb include: waste incinerators, utilities, and lead-acid battery manufacturer, and ore and metals processing. The highest air concentrations of Pb are usually found near lead smelters. Fishing tackle, ammunition, indoor firing ranges, and some art/hobby supplies may contribute to Pb exposure. Transdermal Pb absorption is slight, except for high absorption of lead acetate that may be present in hair darkening products and certain tattoo inks.

Pb has pathological, neurotoxic, nephrotoxic, cardiovascular and carcinogenic effects that may be manifested with chronic low-level exposure. Pb may also affect the body’s ability to utilize the essential elements calcium, magnesium, and zinc. Sustained Pb exposures may have adverse effects on memory, cognitive function, nerve conduction, and metabolism of vitamin D. Infants and children are especially vulnerable to Pb-induced developmental disorders, and behavior problems are associated with lower levels of blood Pb than previously acknowledged; lower of IQ, hearing loss, and poor growth. Pb is transferred across the placenta, and into breast milk.

Lead exposure and toxicity is commonly assessed by elevated blood lead. However blood lead may only reveal isolated exposures as the half-life of Pb in circulation is only about 1 month. Hair elemental analysis may provide information regarding Pb exposure over the past 2-4 months. Urine porphyrin analysis may reveal Pb-induced disruption of heme biosynthesis (physiological impact). Chelation may acutely increase the urinary Pb excretion.

What does it mean if your Lead result is too high?

Most Lead contamination occurs via oral ingestion of contaminated food or water or by children mouthing or eating Lead-containing substances. The degree of absorption of oral Lead depends upon stomach contents (empty stomach increases uptake) and upon the essential element intake and Lead status.

Deficiency of zinc, calcium or iron increases Lead uptake. Transdermal exposure is significant for Lead-acetate (hair blackening products). Inhalation has decreased significantly with almost universal use of non-leaded automobile fuel. Lead accumulates in extensively in bone and can inhibit formation of heme and hemoglobin in erythroid precursor cells. Bone Lead is released to soft tissues with bone remodeling that can be accelerated with growth, menopausal hormonal changes, osteoporosis, or skeletal injury.

Low levels of Lead may cause impaired vitamin D metabolism, decreased nerve conduction, and developmental problems for children including: decreased IQ, hearing impairment, delayed growth, behavior disorders, and decreased glomerular function.

Transplacental transfer of Lead to the fetus can occur at very low Lead concentrations in the body. At relatively low levels, Lead can participate in synergistic toxicity with other toxic elements (e.g. cadmium, mercury).

Excessive Lead exposure can be assessed by comparing urine Lead levels before and after provocation with Ca-EDTA (iv) or oral DMSA.

Urine Lead is higher post-provocation to some extent in almost everyone. Whole blood analysis reflects only recent ongoing exposure and does not correlate well with total body retention of Lead. However, elevated blood Lead is the standard of care for diagnosis of Pb poisoning (toxicity).

Frequently asked questions

Unlock Your Health Journey with Healthmatters.io! Ever wished for a one-stop digital health haven for all your lab tests? Look no further! Healthmatters.io is your personalized health dashboard, bringing together test reports from any lab. Say goodbye to scattered results—organize and centralize your lab data effortlessly. Dive into the details of each biomarker and gain insights into the meaning behind your medical test data.

Join the community of thousands who've transformed the way they understand their lab results. Experience the joy of having all your lab data neatly organized, regardless of where or when the tests were done.

For our professional users, Healthmatters.io is a game-changer. Revel in the intuitive tools that not only streamline analysis but also save valuable time when delving into your client's lab report history. It's not just a dashboard; it's your gateway to a smarter, more informed health journey!

Healthmatters.io personal account provides in-depth research on 4000+ biomarkers, including information and suggestions for test panels such as, but not limited to:

  • The GI Effects® Comprehensive Stool Profile,
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  • Amino Acids Profile,
  • Dried Urine Test for Comprehensive Hormones (DUTCH),
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  • Urinalysis,
  • And many, many more.

You can combine all test reports inside your Healthmatters account and keep them in one place. It gives you an excellent overview of all your health data. Once you retest, you can add new results and compare them.

If you are still determining whether Healthmatters support your lab results, the rule is that if you can test it, you can upload it to Healthmatters.

While we do talk about popular labs, we welcome reports from lots of other places too. It's as simple as this: if you can get a test done, you can upload it to Healthmatters. We can interpret results from any lab out there. If laboratories can analyze it, we can interpret it.

Still on the hunt for a specific biomarker? Just tell us, and we'll add it to our database. Anything from blood, urine, saliva, or stool can be uploaded, understood, and tracked with your Healthmatters account!

There are two ways to add your test reports to your healthmatters.io account. One option is to input the data using the data entry forms. The other method is to utilize our "Data entry service."

Our data entry forms offer an easy, fast, and free way for you to input the reports yourself. Self-entry allows you to add an unlimited number of reports at no cost. We make the self-entry process user-friendly, providing dozens of templates that pre-populate the most popular laboratory panels and offering instant feedback on entered values.

For those who prefer assistance, we offer a "Data entry service" to help you input your data. Simply attach an image or file of your lab test results, and a qualified team member from our data entry team will add the results for you. We support various file types, including PDFs, JPGs, or Excel. This service is particularly useful if you have many reports to upload or if you're too busy to handle the data entry yourself.

Our special data entry service makes it easy to add your results to your private dashboard. Just attach an image or a file of your lab test results, and our skilled data entry team will do the work for you. It's all done by humans, ensuring that your data is entered accurately and with personal care for each client.

Depending on your account, the data entry service can be included for free or come at an additional cost of $15 per report.

For users on the Complete monthly plan, the first report is entered free of charge, and each additional report incurs a fee of $15.

Unlimited account holders enjoy the entry of ten reports without charge. Subsequent reports are subject to a $15 fee per report.

Additionally, users on the Complete plan can upgrade to a yearly subscription from the account settings. The annual subscription includes a data entry service for five reports.

The Unlimited plan is a one-time purchase for $250, and it covers your account for a lifetime with no additional payments.

For the Complete plan, the cost is $15 per month. You have the flexibility to cancel it anytime through your account settings, ensuring no further payments. To avoid charges, remember to cancel at least a day before the renewal date. Once canceled, the subscription remains active until the end of the current billing cycle.

Additionally, you can upgrade to the yearly Advanced plan from within your account. The annual cost is $79, and it comes with a data entry service for five reports.

You can always upgrade to a lifetime version with a prorated price from a monthly or yearly subscription.

Simply log in and navigate to your account settings to cancel your subscription. Scroll down to locate the 'Cancel' button at the bottom of the page. Ensure you cancel at least one day before the renewal date to prevent any charges. Once cancellation is requested, the subscription remains active until the conclusion of the current billing cycle.

Unlocking the insights from your lab tests has never been this intuitive! We've crafted multiple ways for you to navigate your data, whether you're glancing at a single report or delving into a treasure trove of testing data.

1. Graph View:

Dive into a visual journey with our biomarker graphs, showcasing over 40 data points. Combining years of results unveils trends, empowering you to make informed decisions. Our visualization tools make it a breeze to compare and understand changes over time, even if your results are from different labs. A search function and filters simplify the exploration of extensive data, allowing you to focus on what needs attention.

2. All Tests View

Get a quick grasp of your test reports in minutes! Explore neatly organized reports on a timeline, highlighting crucial details like dates, critical results, and lab/panel names. Each report opens up to reveal in-depth descriptions and additional recommendations for each biomarker. The history of previous results is just a click away, and you can download a comprehensive report for deeper insights. Color-coded and user-friendly, it's designed for easy reading, understanding, and navigation.

3. Table View:

For a holistic view of all biomarkers side by side, our table view is your go-to. Results are neatly displayed in a categorized and dated table, ideal for those with an extensive test history. Utilize sorting, filters, and color-coding to enhance your analysis and gain extra insights.

Experience the power of clear, organized data visualization with Healthmatters.io — your key to understanding and taking charge of your health journey!

Yes, you can download information from your account. We can compile your labs into a CSV file. To download all your labs, you can go to Account Settings, and at the bottom of the page, you will find a link to download your information.

Yes, you can print your report. To do so, navigate to "All tests" and open the report you wish to print. You'll find a print button in the right corner of the report. Click on it, and your browser's print window will open. If you prefer to print in a bigger typeface, adjust the scale using the print window settings.

A personal account is all about keeping your own lab test results in check. It's just for you and your personal use.

The professional or business account is designed for health professionals who wish to track and organize their clients' laboratory results.

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At HealthMatters, we're committed to maintaining the security and confidentiality of your personal information. We've put industry-leading security standards in place to help protect against the loss, misuse, or alteration of the information under our control. We use procedural, physical, and electronic security methods designed to prevent unauthorized people from getting access to this information. Our internal code of conduct adds additional privacy protection. All data is backed up multiple times a day and encrypted using SSL certificates. See our Privacy Policy for more details.