Lactobacillus species is a type of bacteria. There are lots of different species of lactobacillus.
Lactobacillus bacteria are commonly found in the human gut, mouth and vagina. They are considered generally as “good bacteria”, and in fact may contribute to good health, often being included in probiotic supplements. These bacteria are characterized by their ability to produce lactic acid as a byproduct of glucose metabolism.
Lactobacillus is considered Gram-positive, which just means that they have a thick cell wall made of peptidoglycan (=consisting of sugars and amino acids).
Lactobacillus is a group of bacteria with more than 200 species. Lactobacillus bacteria have historically been used to make fermented dairy products.
Lactobacillus is important for gastrointestinal function, as they are involved in vitamin synthesis, natural antibiotic production, immune defense, digestion, detoxification of pro-carcinogens and a host of other activities. Ideally, levels of Lactobacillus should be 2+ or greater.
For women Lactobacillus species can also be considered a biomarkers and agent that can promote various aspects of vaginal health.
• Gram-positive, non-sporulating rods or coccobacilli
• Homofermentative (primarily lactic acid)
• Heterofermentative (lactic acid, CO2, ethanol & acetic acid)
• Digest & metabolize proteins & carbohydrates
• Synthesize B vitamins & vitamin K
• Catabolize bile salts
• Enhance innate & acquired immunity
• Inhibit pro-inflammatory mediators
• Antimicrobial activities against array of pathogens:
–Pseudomonas, E. coli, Staph. aureus, Salmonella,
–Shigella, C. difficile, Candida & Helicobacter pylori
Lower levels have been seen in Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS):
– Decreased Lactobacillus, Collinsella
– Increased Clostridium, Ruminococcus, Veilonella
In a study conducted in India faecal lactobacilli were significantly lower in anaemic women.
Understand and improve your laboratory results with our health dashboard.
Upload your lab reports and get interpretation today.
Our technology helps to understand, combine, track, organize, and act on your medical lab test results.
Interpret Your Lab Results
Upload your lab report and we’ll interpret and provide you with recomendations today.Get Started
Get Started With Our Personal Plan
Are You a Health Professional?
Get started with our professional plan
Welcome to Healthmatters Pro.
Save time on interpreting lab results with the largest database of biomarkers online. In-depth research on any test at your fingertips, all stored and tracked in one place. Learn more
for health professionals
$45 per month
Astrovirus, Beneficial SCFAs, Bilfidobacterium, Chymotrypsin, Deoxycholic acid (DCA), Enteroaggregative E. coli (EAEC), Enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC), Enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC) It/st, Escherichia coli, Fluoroquinolones, Lactobacillus species, LCA / DCA Ratio, Lithocholic acid (LCA), M2 Pyruvate Kinase, Mycobacterium tuberculosis (avium), Plesiomonas shigelloides, Prevotella copri, Putrefactive SCFAs, Rotavirus, Stool pH, Vibrio (parahaemolyticus, vulnificus and cholerae)