Liver Health

Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase (GGT)

A healthy result should fall into the range 0 - 38 U/L, or 0.00 - 38.00 IU/L.

Gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) is an enzyme found in many body tissues, the most notable being the liver. A GGT test may be used to determine the cause of elevated alkaline phosphatase (ALP). GGT and ALP are both elevated in disease of the bile ducts and in some liver diseases, but only ALP will be elevated in bone disease. Comparing the two test results can help determine if liver or bone disease is the cause of abnormal enzyme levels. For this reason, a GGT test is often run alongside other tests when a liver issue is suspected, such as: ALP, ALT, AST, and bilirubin tests, to differentiate between liver disease, bile duct disorders, and bone disease. Some signs and symptoms of liver damage include:

- Weakness, fatigue

- Loss of appetite

- Nausea and vomiting

- Abdominal swelling / pain

- Jaundice (yellowing of the skin / eyes)

- Dark urine, light-colored stool

- Itching

Alcohol abuse is also known to affect GGT levels; therefore, GGT tests are sometimes ordered to monitor alcohol-dependency treatments and compliance with treatment programs in those with a history of alcohol abuse.

Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase (GGT) result calculator

insert the value from you Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase (GGT) test result.

What does it mean if your Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase (GGT) result is too low?

A low or normal GGT test indicates that liver damage in unlikely or the person hasn’t consumed any alcohol recently.

It is worth noting that use of clofibrate and oral contraceptives can decease GGT levels. 

What does it mean if your Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase (GGT) result is too high?

An elevated GGT level indicates that something is damaging the liver but does not indicate specifically what. Generally, the higher the GGT level the greater the damage to the liver.  Therefore, a high GGT level typically warrants further testing. Elevated levels may be due to liver diseases (such as hepatitis or cirrhosis), or they may be due to other conditions (such as congestive heart failure, diabetes, or pancreatitis). As mentioned above, alcohol abuse and smoking can also cause elevated GGT, as well as drugs that are toxic to the liver, including: phenytoin, carbamazepine, and barbiturates. In addition, use of many other prescription and non-prescription drugs, including NSAIDs, lipid-lowering drugs, antibiotics, stomach acid reducers, antifungal agents, antidepressants, and testosterone can increase GGT levels.

It is worth noting that GGT levels increase with age in women, but not in men, and are always somewhat higher in men than in women. 

Are you concerned about your lab report?
Select your plan, upload your lab reports and we’ll provide you with a meaningful interpretation.

Basic Interpretation
  • Instant interpretation
  • Use self upload form
  • 800+ biomarkers explained
  • Nutrition Recommendations
  • Cancel anytime
Full Interpretation
  • Instant interpretation
  • We upload 4 reports for you
  • 800+ biomarkers explained
  • Nutrition Recommendations
  • Cancel anytime
  • Online support
Own It For Life
  • Unlimited access
  • No subscription
  • Instant interpretations
  • We upload 10 reports for you
  • 800+ biomarkers explained
  • Nutrition Recommendations
  • Dedicated support

Test results don't lie. Learn what is happening inside your body.

Health is not exactly rocket science. You just have to know what your body needs and doesn't need. Your medical tests contain that information. Upload them to our service and we’ll help you understand, organize, and act on them.

Get Started

Medical results explained and interpreted.

WE SUPPORT 1000+ BIOMARKERS INCLUDING BIOMARKERS FROM YOUR FAVOURITE LABS

Healthmatters.io customer review

"I was really concerned about my lab results and my GP was not able to see me for another week. Through HealthMatters I was able to interpret my results instantly."

Healthmatters.io thankfull female customer

"I've been keeping all my lab results in a spreadsheet, covering approximately 20 years. The HealthMatters team helped me upload that info into the cloud. I can show this data to my family and doctors now easily."

Healthmatters.io thankful young female customer

"I had no idea what my lab results meant. Here I found all the biomarkers that I was looking for online. Finally, I have not only organized them all neatly in one place, but I am also grateful to be able to understand what they mean."



Pricing
Privacy and security of personal data. HIPAA and GDPR compliant badges.

Your Privacy And Security

At HealthMatters, we're committed to maintaining the security and confidentiality of your personal information. We've put security measures in place to help protect against the loss, misuse or alteration of information under our control. We use procedural, physical and electronic security methods designed to prevent people who aren't authorized from getting access to this information. Our internal code of conduct adds additional privacy protection. See our Privacy Policy for more information.