Bifidobacterium spp.

Optimal Result: 7.3 - 16.3 Units.

Bifidobacterium is a genus of gram-positive, anaerobic bacteria. Species of this genus are highly abundant in infants, especially in breastfed ones. Reduced levels of Bifidobacteria, with a consequent depletion of acetate production, in early life have been correlated to the insurgence of atopic diseases later in life, such as asthma and eczema. Several strains are now used as probiotics in order to prevent the development of these diseases and ameliorate symptoms. For example, they have been used to treat or prevent colorectal cancer, treat antibiotic-associated diarrhoea, decrease incidence of necrotising enterocolitis, reduce symptoms of IBD, improve colon regularity and decrease pathogen colonisation in the gut.

References:

Schell, M. A. et al. The genome sequence of Bifidobacterium longum reflects its adaptation to the human gastrointestinal tract. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 99, 14422 (2002).

O’Callaghan, A. & van Sinderen, D. Bifidobacteria and Their Role as Members of the Human Gut Microbiota. Front. Microbiol. 7, 925 (2016).

Hevia, A. et al. Allergic Patients with Long-Term Asthma Display Low Levels of Bifidobacterium adolescentis. PLoS One 11, e0147809 (2016).

What does it mean if your Bifidobacterium spp. result is too low?

Bifidobacterium is a genus of gram-positive, anaerobic bacteria. Species of this genus are highly abundant in infants, especially in breastfed ones. Reduced levels of Bifidobacteria, with a consequent depletion of acetate production, in early life have been correlated to the insurgence of atopic diseases later in life, such as asthma and eczema. Several strains are now used as probiotics in order to prevent the development of these diseases and ameliorate symptoms. For example, they have been used to treat or prevent colorectal cancer, treat antibiotic-associated diarrhoea, decrease incidence of necrotising enterocolitis, reduce symptoms of IBD, improve colon regularity and decrease pathogen colonisation in the gut.

What does it mean if your Bifidobacterium spp. result is too high?

Bifidobacterium is a genus of gram-positive, anaerobic bacteria. Species of this genus are highly abundant in infants, especially in breastfed ones. Reduced levels of Bifidobacteria, with a consequent depletion of acetate production, in early life have been correlated to the insurgence of atopic diseases later in life, such as asthma and eczema. Several strains are now used as probiotics in order to prevent the development of these diseases and ameliorate symptoms. For example, they have been used to treat or prevent colorectal cancer, treat antibiotic-associated diarrhoea, decrease incidence of necrotising enterocolitis, reduce symptoms of IBD, improve colon regularity and decrease pathogen colonisation in the gut.

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