Pus cells in urine analysis, also known as pyuria, refer to the presence of white blood cells or leukocytes in a person's urine sample. These cells are an important diagnostic marker in urinalysis and are typically a sign of an underlying health condition, most commonly a urinary tract infection (UTI). While the normal range of white blood cells in urine is low, an elevated count of pus cells suggests inflammation and infection in the urinary tract. In some cases, pyuria can also indicate more severe conditions, such as sepsis. Urinalysis, which includes the examination of pus cells among other parameters, is a crucial diagnostic tool used by healthcare professionals to assess a patient's urinary health and determine appropriate treatment.
A high level of pus cells in urinalysis, also known as pyuria, signifies an important indicator of potential health issues, primarily related to the urinary tract. Here's what it signifies:
→ Urinary Tract Infection (UTI): The presence of a significant number of pus cells in urine often indicates a urinary tract infection. UTIs can affect the bladder, urethra, or kidneys, and the presence of pus cells is a clear sign of the body's immune response to the infection.
→ Inflammation: High levels of pus cells can also suggest inflammation in the urinary tract. Inflammation can be caused by various factors, including infections, kidney stones, or other underlying health conditions.
→ Severity: The degree of pyuria can indicate the severity of the condition. A higher concentration of pus cells may suggest a more severe infection or inflammation, requiring prompt medical attention.
Additional Testing: While pyuria is a valuable diagnostic marker, further tests may be needed to identify the specific cause of the infection or inflammation. These tests may include cultures to determine the type of bacteria causing the UTI or additional imaging studies to assess the urinary tract's condition.
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