A healthy result should fall into the range 0 - 1.35 mcg/mg creatinine.
Fumarate (together with Succinate and Malate) is used in the body’s metabolic pathway that generates cellular energy – the Citric Acid Cycle. This cycle critically supports organ maintenance and neurological function. Fumarate is also a product of the urea cycle. Much like vitamin D, fumaric acid is formed by the body, in the skin, during exposure to sunlight.
insert the value from you Fumarate test result.
Low levels of Fumarate can indicate a general amino acid insufficiency.
Excess urea cycle function can generate high levels of fumarate, because fumaric acid is one of the urea cycle products.
Higher levels of these compounds in urine indicate inefficiencies in energy production.
If α-ketoglutarate is elevated along with succinate, malate, and fumarate, you may need additional CoQ10, a nutrient that enables the body to use oxygen to generate large amounts of energy.
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