What is Cytomegalovirus (CMV)?
Cytomegalovirus is a common virus that usually causes no or only mild symptoms. Cytomegalovirus testing detects antibodies in the blood that the body produces in response to the infection or detects CMV directly.
The Epidemiology of Cytomegalovirus:
In the United States, as many as 60% of people have been exposed to Cytomegalovirus at some point in their life. Almost 1 out of every 3 children have been exposed to Cytomegalovirus by age 5 and more than half of adults are exposed to Cytomegalovirus by age 40.
Signs and symptoms:
Most people are infected as children or as young adults, but many don’t know it because Cytomegalovirus usually does not cause noticeable symptoms or only mild illness in otherwise healthy people. Individuals with mild illness may have non-specific signs and symptoms, such as sore throat, fever, tiredness, and swollen glands. In otherwise healthy adults, Cytomegalovirus infection may sometimes cause a flu-like illness or signs and symptoms similar to mononucleosis (mono), such as extreme fatigue, fever, chills, body aches, and/or headaches that usually resolve within a few weeks.
Detection and infection of Cytomegalovirus:
Cytomegalovirus is found in many body fluids during an active infection, including saliva, urine, blood, breast milk, semen, vaginal fluid, and cerebrospinal fluid. Cytomegalovirus easily spreads from person to person through close contact with someone who is infected or by contact with contaminated body fluids or objects, such as diapers or toys.
Activation and reactivation of Cytomegalovirus:
Once you are infected, Cytomegalovirus remains in your body for the rest of your life without causing symptoms. After your initial “primary” infection resolves, Cytomegalovirus becomes dormant or latent, like other members of the herpes family. However, if your immune system is significantly weakened, the virus can become active again (reactivate) and cause illness.
Cytomegalovirus can cause notable health problems in these situations:
– A pregnant woman who is infected for the first time (primary infection) during pregnancy can pass the infection to her developing baby across the placenta. This can cause serious physical and developmental problems in the baby. Most newborns (about 90%) who are infected appear healthy at birth but may develop hearing or vision problems, pneumonia, seizures, and/or delayed mental development a few months later. A few babies may be stillborn, while others may have symptoms at birth such as jaundice, anemia, an enlarged spleen or liver, and a small head.
– Cytomegalovirus can cause serious illness and death in people with weakened immune systems, such as those with HIV/AIDS, solid organ or bone marrow transplant recipients, and cancer patients receiving chemotherapy. These individuals might experience the most severe symptoms and their Cytomegalovirus infection may remain active. Cytomegalovirus may reactivate in those who were previously exposed. The infection could affect the:
Active Cytomegalovirus also further depresses the immune system, allowing other secondary infections such as fungal infections, to occur.
Anti-CMV Antibodies-IgG; Cytomegalovirus Antibodies – IgG; CMV Antibodies, IgG
Own it for life
Our exclusive data entry service is a convenient way to get your results into your private dashboard. Simply attach an image or a file of your lab test results, and one of our qualified data entry team members will add the results for you. We support all sorts of files, whether PDFs, JPGs, or Excel. This service is excellent whether you have a lot of reports to upload or are too busy to do the data entry yourself.
We strive to make the data entry process easy for you. Whether by offering dozens of templates to choose from that pre-populate the most popular laboratory panels or by giving you instant feedback on the entered values. Our data entry forms are an easy, fast, and convenient way to enter the reports yourself. There is no limit on how many lab reports you can upload.
billed every month
Data entry included
$6.60/month billed annually
Data entry included
own it for life
Are You a Health Professional?
Get started with our professional plan
Welcome to Healthmatters Pro.
Save time on interpreting lab results with the largest database of biomarkers online. In-depth research on any test at your fingertips, all stored and tracked in one place. Learn more
Pro Monthly Plus
for health professionals
$75 per month