Blood Health

Your blood consists of two main components: the cellular components (red blood cells, white blood cells, and the cell fragments known as platelets); and the liquid component, called plasma. Together, these two parts of the blood are responsible for many functions, including oxygen transport, temperature regulation, blood clotting, and immune defense.

Ammonia

Optimal range: 11 - 55 µmol/L

Ammonia is a waste product naturally produced in the body. It primarily comes from the digestion of protein by bacteria in the intestines.

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Bicarbonate, Serum

Optimal range: 22 - 29 mmol/L

C-Reactive Protein (CRP)

Optimal range: 0 - 1 mg/L

C-reactive protein (CRP) is a general indicator of inflammation in the body. The inflammation can be acute and caused by infection or injury. Inflammation can also be chronic, which typically points toward more serious diseases.  High-sensitivity CRP (hs-CRP) tests are commonly ordered to determine your risk of cardiovascular disease. 

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Carcinoembryonic Antigen (CEA)

Optimal range: 0 - 3 ug/L

Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) is a glycoprotein normally found in embryonic entodermal epithelium.

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Ferritin

Optimal range: 18 - 270 µg/dL

Ferritin is a protein that serves as a storehouse for iron in the body. When iron supplies dwindle, ferritin releases some into the blood. Therefore, a blood ferritin test is an indication of how much iron is stored in the body. Iron is used primarily by red blood cells to carry oxygen to other cells, and as such Ferritin is vital to blood health. 

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Fibrinogen Activity

Optimal range: 196 - 441 mg/dL

It’s used to determine the level of fibrinogen in your blood. Fibrinogen, or factor I, is a blood plasma protein that’s made in the liver. Fibrinogen is one of 13 coagulation factors responsible for normal blood clotting.

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Haemoglobin A1c

Optimal range: 0 - 0 %

Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) is the percentage of hemoglobin molecules with attached glucose molecules. HbA1c is an accurate means to estimate the average blood glucose over the preceding 3 months. 

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HAEMOGLOBINe

Optimal range: 138 - 151 g/L

Haptoglobin

Optimal range: 34 - 200 mg/dL

Haptoglobin is a protein that your liver produces. It combines with hemoglobin, which transports oxygen to your organs and tissues via the red blood cells.  The haptoglobin test is a test for hemolytic anemia.

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Iron

Optimal range: 70 - 175 µg/dL

The human body requires iron to perform many vital physiological functions. For instance, iron is the key component of hemoglobin which allows red blood cells to transport oxygen throughout the body. Iron in the blood is mostly bound to the transportation protein transferrin. Most iron in the body is bound to red blood cells or stored in the spleen and cannot be directly tested. 

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IRON (Serum)

Optimal range: 9 - 30.4 umol/L

Iron is an essential element required for the production of hemoglobin. Without it, red blood cells cannot reproduce in the body. Doctors are also finding a connection of iron to hair regrowth in the body. 

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Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH)

Optimal range: 135 - 214 U/L

Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) is an enzyme that helps the process of turning sugar into energy for your cells to use. LDH is present in many kinds of organs and tissues throughout the body, including the liver, heart, pancreas, kidneys, skeletal muscles, brain, and blood cells.

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Large Unstained Cells (LUC)

Optimal range: 0 - 0.4 x 10E3/ml

Large unstained cells (LUC) are cells that are activated lymphocytes and peroxidase-negative cells. They are not stem cells, normal lymphocytes (white blood cells) or virocytes. They may indicate viral infections or inflammation.

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Large Unstained Cells (Percent)

Optimal range: 0 - 4.5 %

Large unstained cells (LUC) are cells that are activated lymphocytes and peroxidase-negative cells. They are not stem cells, normal lymphocytes (white blood cells) or virocytes. They may indicate viral infections or inflammation.

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Magnesium, RBC

Optimal range: 4.2 - 6.8 mg/dL

Hundreds of enzymatic reactions in the body depend on magnesium for energy production, nerve transmission, muscle contraction, and blood vessel function. A deficiency of this critical element within the cell may be seen with the RBC magnesium test.

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Nucleated red blood cell (NRBC)

Optimal range: 0 - 0.0001 / 100 WBCs

Plateletcrit (PCT)

Optimal range: 0.22 - 0.24 %

PCT is the volume occupied by platelets in the blood as a percentage and calculated according to the formula PCT = platelet count × MPV / 10,000 (25-27).

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Thrombocytes

Optimal range: 150 - 400 µl

Thrombocytes are one of three types of blood cell found in our bodies. Along with red blood cells and white blood cells, thrombocyte levels are assessed with a comprehensive blood count, which can be done as a part of a general health check up or in response to specific symptoms.

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TIBC

Optimal range: 250 - 370 ug/dL

Total iron-binding capacity (TIBC) is a blood test to see if you have too much or too little iron in the blood. Iron is vital in that it transports oxygen around the body. Frequently, a TIBC is ordered along with several other tests to determine the cause of conditions like anemia or to assess blood health in general.

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Transferrin

Optimal range: 200 - 390 mg/dL

Transferrin saturation

Optimal range: 20 - 35 %

Transferrin saturation (TSAT) is the ratio of serum iron and total iron-binding capacity. All three measurements are used to help determine the cause of iron levels that are abnormally high or abnormally low. TS may also be used to identify the presence and type of anemia.

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UIBC

Optimal range: 150 - 375 µg/dL

Unsaturated iron-binding capacity (UIBC) is a blood test to see if you have too much or too little iron in the blood. Iron is vital in that it transports oxygen around the body. Frequently, A UIBC is ordered along with several other tests to determine the cause of conditions like anemia or to assess blood health in general.

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