A healthy result should fall into the range 0 - 0.2 µg/g creatinine.
N-acetyl phenyl cysteine (NAP) is the result of exposure to the solvent benzene which is widespread in the environment from cigarette smoke, gasoline, and as a byproduct of all types of combustion, including motor vehicle exhaust. Benzene also outgases from synthetic materials (carpet, drapes, and furniture), glues, and detergents. Numerous industrial processes release this pollutant.
Benzene causes hematological abnormalities as well as being mutagenic and carcinogenic.
High exposure to benzene may cause nausea, vomiting, dizziness, poor coordination, central nervous system depression, and even death. N-acetyl phenyl cysteine (NAP) is also a metabolic byproduct of potassium sorbate or sorbic acid, a common and safe food preservative.
Remove sources of exposure if possible.
The solvent can be eliminated by sauna treatment, by the Hubbard detoxification protocol employing niacin supplementation, or by glutathione (reduced) supplementation (oral, intravenous, transdermal, or precursors such as N-acetyl cysteine [NAC]).
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