Lipid Panel

LDL/HDL Cholesterol Ratio

A healthy result should fall into the range 0.5 - 3 Ratio.

LDL/HDL cholesterol ratio is the ratio of two types of lipids in the blood. LDL stands for low density lipoprotein and HDL stands for high density lipoprotein. LDL is often considered “bad” cholesterol and HDL is “good” cholesterol. LDL is considered bad because high levels of LDL are associated with heart and blood vessel damage and disease. On the other hand, HDL tends to be protective against this damage, so higher levels of HDL are considered good. Both LDL and HDL are created by the liver. They are released into the blood to move fats and cholesterol around the body. Since LDL is “bad” and HDL is “good” it is best to have a lower LDL/HDL cholesterol ratio. A high ratio means that there is too much LDL relative to HDL. Aerobic exercise and eating foods low in saturated fat improve the LDL/HDL cholesterol ratio. Certain drugs such as statins can also help lower the LDL/HDL cholesterol ratio.

Normal Ranges for LDL/HDL cholesterol ratio:

Men: Less than 3.0

Women: Less than 2.5

Children to up 18 years of age: Less than 2.5

Critical Range: N/A

Sources:

http://www.uptodate.com/contents/lipoprotein-classification-metabolism-and-role-in-atherosclerosis

https://www.uptodate.com/contents/screening-for-lipid-disorders-in-adults?sectionName=CHOICE%20OF%20TESTS&anchor=H7832879&source=see_link#H7832879

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2747394/

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/high-blood-cholesterol/expert-answers/cholesterol-ratio/faq-20058006

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/316173.php

www.merckmanuals.com/professional/endocrine-and-metabolic-disorders/lipid-disorders/hypolipidemia

http://press.endocrine.org/doi/abs/10.1210/jcem.85.12.7027 

www.merckmanuals.com/professional/endocrine-and-metabolic-disorders/lipid-disorders/dyslipidemia

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