Semen analysis

A semen analysis measures the quantity and quality of both the liquid portion, called semen, and the microscopic moving cells called sperm. Semen is the turbid, whitish substance that is released from the penis during ejaculation. Sperm are the cells in semen with a head and a tail that enables them to travel to the egg. A typical semen analysis could measure:

- the volume of semen

- the macroscopic appearance

- the semen viscosity (thickness)

- sperm concentration,

- total number of sperm

- sperm motility (the percentage that are able to move, as well as how vigorously and straight the sperm move)

- the number of normal and abnormal (defective) sperm

- coagulation and liquefaction (the time it takes the semen to go from a gel to a liquid state)

- fructose level (a sugar in semen)

- pH (acidity)

- the number of immature sperm, and

- the number of white blood cells (cells that indicate infection).

MAR-test IgA

Optimal range: 0 - 49.9 %

The acronym MAR stands for mixed antiglobulin reaction. The test is used to diagnose imunological infertility, which means that antisperm antibodies are present that prevent conception from taking place. Antibodies in blood, semen or cervical mucous coat the surface of the sperm, which impairs sperm transport and ultimately fertilisation of the ovum.

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MAR-test IgG

Optimal range: 0 - 49.9 %

The acronym MAR stands for mixed antiglobulin reaction. The test is used to diagnose imunological infertility, which means that antisperm antibodies are present that prevent conception from taking place. Antibodies in blood, semen or cervical mucous coat the surface of the sperm, which impairs sperm transport and ultimately fertilisation of the ovum.

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Morphology - leucocytes

Optimal range: 0 - 1 mill/ml

Morphology - Round cells

Optimal range: 0 - 0 mill/ml

Motility - immotil

Optimal range: 0 - 0 %

Semen pH

Optimal range: 7.2 - 9 pH

Seminal Fructose

Optimal range: 13 - 20 qmol/ejac.

percent able to move as well as how vigorously and straight the sperm move

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Seminal neutral glucosidase

Optimal range: 20 - 40 mU/ejac.

Seminal Zinc

Optimal range: 2.4 - 5 qmol/ejac.

Sperm concentration (density)

Optimal range: 14 - 50 mill/ml

Sperm count

Optimal range: 15 - 50 mill

Sperm morphology

Optimal range: 3 - 4 %

Sperm motility

Optimal range: 40 - 100 %

Total Motile Count

Optimal range: 0 - 0 mill
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