StoneRisk Diagnostic ProfileUrine
A stone risk profile is a panel of tests that assess the risk of kidney stone formation. The tests measure the levels of substances in the body that form and prevent stones.
Kidney stones are small, pebble-like pieces of material that form in one or both of your kidneys. Kidney stones form when you have high levels of certain minerals or salts in your urine.
Kidney stones can be as small as a grain of sand or as large as a pea, and sometimes even larger. Very small stones may pass out of your body when you urinate. Larger or odd-shaped stones can get stuck inside your urinary tract and block the flow of urine. This may cause severe pain or bleeding, and you may need treatment to get rid of the stones. But with treatment, kidney stones usually don't cause permanent damage.
Biomarkers included in this panel:
Calcium oxalate crystals are the most common cause of kidney stones — hard clumps of minerals and other substances that form in the kidneys. These crystals are made from oxalate — a substance found in foods like green, leafy vegetables &mLearn more
Citric Acid (Citrate)
Citric acid helps prevent stone formation by binding calcium. Citrate is a powerful force against calcium stones. It binds calcium in a soluble complex. It interferes with calcium crystal formation and growth. Low urine citrate is a risk factor foLearn more
Creatinine Conc, Urine
Blood and urine creatinine concentrations reflect kidney function; they may be used for comparing to other substances as the level of creatinine in blood is normally stable and, in urine, it reflects how dilute or concentrated the urine is.Learn more
Struvite is the crystal name for stones that form only in the presence of urease-producing bacteria (eg, Proteus mirabilis, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Corynebacterium species, Ureaplasma urealyticum) in the upper urinary tract.Learn more
Likely to form uric acid stones; some people who have increased uric acid also have goutLearn more