Citrobacter spp., a gram-negative bacterium and member of the Enterobacteriaceae family, is considered dysbiotic at 3+ or greater. Citrobacter freundii complex (including C. freundii, C. braakii, C. gullenii, C. murliniae, rodentium, C. wermanii, C. youngae, C. koseri and C. farmeri) can cause diarrheal disease.
Symptoms are the result of an E. coli-like heat-stable enterotoxin and hydrogen sulfide. Citrobacter freundii complex has been implicated as a cause of gastrointestinal infection and inflammation, acute dysentery, and dyspepsia. Acute symptoms can include profuse, watery diarrhea without abdominal pain, fecal blood, or white blood cells.
Citrobacter spp. thrive on fructooligosaccharides (FOS), a common ingredient in artificial or alternative sweetener.
Antibiotics may be indicated if symptoms are prolonged.
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