Adenovirus serotypes 40 and 41 cause acute gastroenteritis (inflammation of the stomach and intestines) primarily in children.
Symptoms may include:
It may last for approximately 10 days. Respiratory symptoms can occur in some individuals. The disease is usually self-limiting in immunocompetent individuals; however rare fatalities can occur in immunocompromised individuals. Asymptomatic infections are common, particularly in children.
Adenovirus 40/41 is also known as Enteric adenovirus. Enteric adenoviruses have been identified in 9% of children with diarrhea. They are the third most common cause of infantile gastroenteritis after rotavirus and norovirus. Sporadic and endemic infections may occur year-round.
Treatment is primarily oral rehydration or, in serious cases, intravenous rehydration.
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