The "Abs. CD 8 Suppressor" biomarker in a T + B-Lymphocyte Differential panel from Labcorp measures the absolute count of CD8 positive suppressor T-cells in the blood. CD8 cells, also known as cytotoxic T cells, play a critical role in the immune system's defense against pathogens and cancer cells by directly destroying infected or malignant cells. The absolute count provides a specific numeric value of these cells, unlike percentage values which only give a proportion relative to other cells. Changes in the absolute count of CD8 cells can indicate various health conditions, such as viral infections, autoimmune diseases, or certain types of cancer. This measurement is crucial for understanding the immune system's status, particularly in the context of diseases that affect T-cell populations.
Decreased levels of "Abs. CD 8 Suppressor" cells, as indicated in a T + B-Lymphocyte Differential panel from Labcorp, can suggest a reduction in the body's cytotoxic T-cell population. Cytotoxic T-cells are a type of immune cell. They attack and destroy infections.
This decrease may be significant as CD8 suppressor cells are essential for the immune system's ability to fight viral infections and tumor cells. Lower counts can occur in conditions like HIV/AIDS, where the virus targets these cells, or due to immunosuppressive therapy. It might also indicate certain immunodeficiency disorders. The implications of reduced CD8 cell counts should be evaluated in the context of the patient's overall health and other medical findings.
Increased levels of "Abs. CD 8 Suppressor" in a T + B-Lymphocyte Differential panel suggest a higher count of CD8 suppressor T-cells. This elevation can occur in various contexts, such as during an active viral infection where the immune system is responding aggressively. It might also be observed in certain autoimmune conditions where the immune system is overactive. Additionally, elevated CD8 cell counts can be seen in some lymphoproliferative disorders. The clinical implications of high CD8 counts should be interpreted with consideration of the overall health and specific circumstances of the patient.
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