Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP)

Biomarkers included in this panel:

Alanine-aminotransferase (ALT, SGPT)

Alanine-aminotransferase (ALT) is an enzyme produced by the liver and is used to facilitate chemical reactions in the body. A high level of ALT in the blood is typically an indication of liver damage. ALT tests are frequently run along side other tes

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Albumin, Serum

What is a serum Albumin test? You need a proper balance of albumin to keep fluid from leaking out of blood vessels (= oncotic pressure). It also carries vital nutrients and hormones. Albumin also gives your body the proteins it needs to

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Albumin/Globulin (A/G) Ratio

The major proteins seen in the serum are albumin and globulin-the latter being primarily alpha 1 and alpha 2 globulin, beta globulin and gamma globulin. Albumin accounts for more than 50% of the total serum proteins. The albumin to globulin (A/G

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Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP)

What is Alkaline phosphatase (ALP)? Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) is an enzyme (= enzymes are proteins that act as biological catalysts by accelerating chemical reactions) found in the blood that helps break down proteins and that plays a role in num

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Aspartate-aminotransferase (AST, SGOT)

Aspartate-aminotransferase (AST) and alanine-aminotransferase (ALT) are both produced by the liver and serve in functions throughout the human body. Aspartate-aminotransferase is most commonly related to liver health. Blood tests for AST and ALT are

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Bilirubin Total

What is Bilirubin Bilirubin is a yellowish substance. Bilirubin is made in the body when the hemoglobin protein in old red blood cells is broken down. The breakdown of old cells is a normal, healthy process. Bilirubin is found in bile, a fluid you

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Blood urea nitrogen (BUN)

BUN, or blood urea nitrogen, is used predominantly to measure kidney function. BUN reflects the ratio between the production and clearance of urea in the body. Urea is formed almost entirely by the liver from both protein metabolism and protein diges

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BUN/Creatinine Ratio

What is the BUN/Creatinine Ratio? The Blood urea nitrogen (BUN): Creatinine Ratio [BUN/Creatinine Ratio] is a renal (related to kidneys) function indicator, commonly used to diagnose acute or chronic renal (kidney) disease or damage. Blood Urea

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Calcium, Serum

Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and one of the most important. Our bodies use calcium to build and fix bones and teeth, help nerves work, make muscles contract, aid in blood clotting, and to help our heart beat. That being said, almo

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Carbon Dioxide (CO2)

What is Carbon Dioxide? Your body produces Carbon Dioxide (CO2) gas as a byproduct. It's carried by the bloodstream to your lungs, primarily in a bicarbonate (HCO3) form, and then exhaled out while breathing. In a healthy individual, the prese

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Chloride, Serum

Blood

Chloride is a molecule found in the body and belongs to the electrolyte group, indicating that it possesses an electrical charge. Electrolytes work to maintain the pH of our body fluids, help our cells to keep the amount of fluid inside and outside t

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Creatinine, Serum

Creatinine is formed by the breakdown of creatine, a key molecule in muscular metabolism. Our kidneys are responsible for removing creatinine from the blood and expelling it in urine. Therefore, blood creatinine levels are a good indicator of how wel

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eGFR - Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (African Am)

eGFR stands for estimated glomerular filtration rate. Your eGFR score is a reflection of your blood test for creatinine, a waste product formed in muscular metabolism. It estimates how well your kidneys are working.

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eGFR - Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (Non-African Am)

Alternative Names: GFR; Estimated GFR; eGFR What is GFR? GFR is a blood test that measures how much blood your kidneys filter each minute, which is known as your glomerular filtration rate (GFR). You have two kidneys. Their main job is to

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Globulin, Serum (aka Globulin, Total)

What is globulin? Globulin is a protein and is made in the liver. High levels may indicate autoimmune disease, infections or cancer. A low globulin reading may be a sign of liver or kidney disease.  About 40% of the proteins in your blood

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Glucose

What is Glucose? A blood sugar test measures the amount of a sugar called glucose in a sample of your blood. Glucose (also known as blood sugar) is a major source of energy for most cells of the body, including brain cells. Glucose is a building b

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Glucose Non-Fasting

Serum

Glucose Non-Fasting tests are an essential tool in the ongoing monitoring and management of blood sugar levels, crucial for individuals with diabetes or those at risk. Unlike traditional glucose tests that require fasting, these non-fasting tests off

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Intestinal Isoenzymes (Alkaline Phosphatase)

Intestinal isoenzymes of alkaline phosphatase are biomarkers that indicate the presence of specific forms of the alkaline phosphatase enzyme within the intestine. This biomarker is significant in assessing the health and function of the intestinal sy

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Potassium, Serum (Kalium)

What is potassium? Potassium (K+) helps nerves and muscles communicate. It also helps move nutrients into cells and waste products out of cells. Potassium, an essential nutrient found throughout the body, is necessary for healthy cell activity.

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Sodium, Serum (Natrium)

What is a Sodium test? This test measures the levels of sodium in your blood and is usually done as part of an electrolyte or basic metabolic panel blood test. The sodium test may also be ordered separately if you have: eaten large amount

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Total Protein, Serum

What is the total protein marker? Total protein is the sum concentration of all individual serum proteins (g/dL). There are many hundreds of different protein species in serum, including straight polypeptides as well as glycosylated and lipid-asso

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