Progesterone (male)

Optimal Result: 0.27 - 0.9 ng/mL, or 0.86 - 2.86 nmol/L.

What is Progesterone in men?

Progesterone is present in men but at a much lower level than found in premenopausal women. Progesterone is not only a female hormone. Although in females it is responsible for protecting the unborn child from rejection during pregnancy, progesterone performs various other functions in both men and women. Progesterone is the precursor to other hormones, including testosterone, the sex hormone that emphasizes male characteristics.

Here are a few bullet points to keep in mind:

- Progesterone is not only a female hormone.

- Progesterone is not a sex hormone, it plays no part in the secondary sexual characteristics which develop at puberty.

- Progesterone is the precursor to the 2 sex hormones estrogen and testosterone.

- Progesterone is secreted mainly by the ovaries in females and the testes in men.

- Smaller amounts of Progesterone are produced by the adrenal glands, the brain and glial cells.

Progesterone plays an important role in the following processes:

- Regulating blood sugar

- Building bone mass

- Regulating brain activity

- Developing intelligence and body functions

- Helping to convert fat into energy

- Regulating thyroid hormone production

- Can help reboot libido

- Balancing mood

- Helping to normalize blood clotting

- Helping to initiate sleep


What does it mean if your Progesterone (male) result is too high?

Elevated progesterone levels in men can occur due to a variety of reasons and can lead to certain symptoms and health issues. Understanding the causes, symptoms, and potential treatment options is important.

Causes of elevated Progesterone in men:

→ Adrenal Gland Disorders: The adrenal glands, which sit atop the kidneys, produce progesterone. Disorders like adrenal hyperplasia or adrenal tumors can lead to excessive progesterone production.

→ Medications: Certain medications, especially those used for hormonal therapy, can increase progesterone levels.

→ Hormonal Imbalances: Imbalances in other hormones, such as cortisol, can indirectly affect progesterone levels.

→ Rare Conditions: Certain rare genetic conditions can also lead to elevated progesterone.

Symptoms of elevated Progesterone in men:

→ Gynecomastia: Enlargement of male breast tissue.

→ Fatigue: Increased tiredness and lack of energy.

→ Weight Gain: Especially around the abdomen.

→ Decreased Libido: Reduced sexual desire.

→ Erectile Dysfunction: Difficulty in achieving or maintaining an erection.

→ Mood Changes: Depression, anxiety, or mood swings.

Potential treatment options:

→ Hormone Therapy: Medications to balance hormone levels.

→ Surgery: In cases of tumors or adrenal gland disorders, surgery might be necessary.

→ Lifestyle Changes: Diet and exercise modifications can help regulate hormone levels.

→ Counseling or Therapy: For mood changes or mental health concerns.

→ Regular Monitoring: Regular check-ups and blood tests to monitor hormone levels.

It's important to note that elevated progesterone in men is relatively rare and should be evaluated by a healthcare professional. Diagnosis typically involves blood tests to measure hormone levels and other diagnostic procedures depending on the suspected cause. Treatment is tailored to the individual based on the underlying cause and the severity of symptoms.

Additional notes:

Slightly elevated progesterone levels in men might not be cause for immediate concern and can often be attributed to normal hormonal variability. It's advisable to conduct repeat testing to confirm any elevation. Symptoms, if present, are usually milder and may include subtle mood changes or physical alterations. The primary approach involves lifestyle modifications focusing on diet, exercise, and stress management. Regular monitoring and consultations with a healthcare professional are essential to track hormonal levels and address any underlying causes. In most cases, aggressive treatment is not required unless the elevation is linked to specific health issues or more pronounced symptoms.

What does it mean if your Progesterone (male) result is too low?

As men age, testosterone levels decline and estrogen levels start to rise. Progesterone levels in men drop sharply as estrogen levels climb, causing symptoms such as:

- Low libido

- Hair loss

- Weight gain

- Fatigue

- Depression

- Gynecomastia (= enlarged breasts in men)

- Erectile dysfunction

- Impotence

- Bone loss

- Muscle loss

Aside from this, men who have low levels of progesterone have a greater risk of developing serious illnesses such as:

- Osteoporosis

- Arthritis

- Prostatitis (=inflammation of the prostate gland)

- Prostate cancer

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