Rhodotorula species are pigmented basidiomycetous yeasts in the family Sporidiobolaceae.
The genus contains 37 species, of which only three, including R. mucilaginosa (formerly R. rubra), R. minuta, and R. glutinis, have been reported as causes of infection in humans.
Rhodotorula species are widespread in nature and can be isolated from a variety of sources including air, soil, seawater, plants, dairy products, and the household environment (e.g., shower curtains, bathtub grout). It is also possible for laboratory specimens to become contaminated with this organism. In humans, Rhodotorula species have been recovered from cultures of skin, nails, and respiratory, gastrointestinal, and urinary tracts and are generally thought to be commensals.
Nearly 90% of patients with Rhodotorula species infection have underlying solid or hematologic malignancy, organ/bone marrow transplant, or immunosuppression due to corticosteroid use, neutropenia, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), or malnutrition. The most common risk factor is the presence of a central venous catheter (CVC).
One third of the cases are receiving parenteral nutrition when Rhodotorula infection appears.
Although the precise incidence is unknown, infection due to Rhodotorula species is much less common than infection with other yeast species such as Candida and Cryptococcus. Nevertheless, the number of infections has clearly increased during the last few years. In a retrospective study at a teaching hospital in Brazil over a 9-year period, only 2.3% of fungal blood isolates were Rhodotorula species, compared to 83.4% and 6.6% for Candida and Cryptococcus species, respectively.
Nearly 90% of patients with Rhodotorula species infection have underlying solid or hematologic malignancy, organ/bone marrow transplant, or immunosuppression due to corticosteroid use, neutropenia, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), or malnutrition.
The most common risk factor is the presence of a central venous catheter (CVC).
Rhodotorula spp. are fungi commonly found in the environment and in various sources including soil, plants, bathrooms, and liquids (milk, water, juice).
Rhodotorula spp. may be a commensal fungus in most individuals. Rhodotorula spp. is often found in patients who are immunosuppressed or are under treatment that requires the use of central venous catheters.
Own it for life
Our exclusive data entry service is a convenient way to get your results into your private dashboard. Simply attach an image or a file of your lab test results, and one of our qualified data entry team members will add the results for you. We support all sorts of files, whether PDFs, JPGs, or Excel. This service is excellent whether you have a lot of reports to upload or are too busy to do the data entry yourself.
We strive to make the data entry process easy for you. Whether by offering dozens of templates to choose from that pre-populate the most popular laboratory panels or by giving you instant feedback on the entered values. Our data entry forms are an easy, fast, and convenient way to enter the reports yourself. There is no limit on how many lab reports you can upload.
billed every month
Data entry included
$6.60/month billed annually
Data entry included
own it for life
Are You a Health Professional?
Get started with our professional plan
Welcome to Healthmatters Pro.
Save time on interpreting lab results with the largest database of biomarkers online. In-depth research on any test at your fingertips, all stored and tracked in one place. Learn more
Pro Monthly Plus
for health professionals
$75 per month