The presence of nitrates in urine is often considered a predictor of a urinary tract infection (UTI). Urinary tract infections are the most common cause of nitrites in urine. These occur when bacteria infect the bladder, ureters, or kidneys. Nitrites are byproducts of nitrogen waste. Bacteria responsible for an infection feed on this waste, breaking it down into nitrates, which can appear in the urine.
The presence of nitrates in the urine is a direct indicator of a bacterial infection. On visual inspection of the urine, it may look darker than usual and possibly tea colored, but this is not a good indicator of infection. Urinary tract infections often present with a burning sensation during urination.
Treating nitrates in urine:
When diagnosed with a UTI, a prescription for a course of antibiotics will be prescribed to treat the infection. It is important to complete the medication as instructed to fully resolve the UTI and prevent reoccurrence. While antibiotic use is considered the best course of action, there are several actions one can do to decrease the chances of developing UTIs from developing in the first place, they are as follows:
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