Urinalysis is a test that evaluates a sample of your urine. Urinalysis is used to detect and assess a wide range of disorders, such as urinary tract infection, kidney disease and diabetes. Urinalysis involves examining the appearance, concentration and content of urine.

Arsenic (Inorganic), Urine

Optimal range: 0 - 19 ug/L

Arsenic, a toxic heavy metal, can accumulate in the body. It may be of an organic or inorganic (toxic form) source. High levels cause GI distress, kidney problems, skin, heart and nervous system changes in health.


Arsenic (Total), Urine

Optimal range: 0 - 50 ug/L

Arsenic, Urine 24 Hr

Optimal range: 0 - 50 ug/24 hr

Cadmium, Urine

Optimal range: 0 - 1 ug/L

Cadmium is a toxic heavy metal found in soil, water, and air. Plants may contain high levels; foods that tend to accumulate it include soy, rice, tobacco, sunflower seeds and leafy greens. Health problems result from cadmium exposure.


Chloride, Urine

Optimal range: 110 - 250 mmol/24 hr

Chloride is the most abundant ion outside of cells. It is important for maintaining osmotic pressure, nerve cell function, and fluid balance. The urine chloride test is used primarily in cases of suspected metabolic alkalosis.


Coproporphyrin I

Optimal range: 5.6 - 28.6 mcg/g creat

Coproporphyrin III

Optimal range: 4.1 - 76.4 mcg/g creat

Creatinine (CRT), Urine

Optimal range: 0.3 - 3 g/L


Optimal range: 0 - 2.9 mcg/g creat


Optimal range: 0 - 5.4 mcg/g creat

Lead, Urine

Optimal range: 0 - 49 ug/L

Lead is a potentially toxic element found in paints, batteries, electronics, and ceramics as well as in air, soil, and water. A urine test is a noninvasive test that can detect high levels of lead and prevent potential health issues.


Mercury, Urine

Optimal range: 0 - 19 ug/L

Mercury, abbreviated Hg, comes in inorganic and organic forms. Both are toxic when they accumulate in the body and are associated with serious health problems.


Mercury, Urine 24 Hr

Optimal range: 0 - 20 ug/24 hr

Mercury/Creatinine Ratio, Urine

Optimal range: 0 - 5 ug/g creat


Optimal range: 0 - 3.5 mcg/g creat


Optimal range: 50 - 300 mg

Porphyrins are natural chemicals in the body that help form many important substances in the body. One of these is hemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen in the blood.


Potassium, Urine

Optimal range: 25 - 125 mmol/24 hr

Sodium, Urine

Optimal range: 39 - 258 mmol/24 hr

Total Porphyrins

Optimal range: 23.3 - 132.4 mcg/g creat

Urine Occult Blood

Optimal range: 0 - 0 mg/d

Urine occult blood is a test to determine if there is blood present in the urine and is done, along with several other tests, during a routine analysis of the urine. Although some urine in the blood isn’t unusual, it can also indicate severe problems with the kidneys or cancer.


Urine pH

Optimal range: 5 - 8 pH

Urine pH is a test to assess the pH level of your urine and is done, along with several other tests, during a routine analysis of the urine. Although some fluctuation of urine pH is normal, excessively acidic or alkaline urine can indicate a problem with the kidneys or digestive system.


Urine Specific Gravity

Optimal range: 1.001 - 1.035 SG

Urine specific gravity is a test to assess the concentration of your urine and is done, along with several other tests, during a routine analysis of the urine. An abnormal urine specific gravity test likely indicates a problem with the kidneys or heart.


Uroporphyrin I

Optimal range: 3.1 - 18.2 mcg/g creat

Uroporphyrin III

Optimal range: 0 - 4.8 mcg/g creat