Lipoprotein(a) is a unique lipoprotein that has emerged as an independent risk factor for developing vascular disease.
– Lipoproteins are made of protein and fat. They carry cholesterol through your blood. Lp(a) is a type of low-density lipoprotein (LDL).
– LDL is known as “bad” cholesterol. High levels of Lp(a) can create plaque in your blood vessels. This is a buildup of cholesterol that lessens blood flow through your arteries.
Increased levels are associated with an increased risk of heart attack, stroke, or narrowed arteries supplying blood to vital organs. In the Copenhagen Heart study, Kamstrup et al found that genetic elevations of Lp(a) were associated with an increased risk of myocardial infarction. [L]
A study published on June 8th 2018 has found that consumption of a defined plant-based diet can reduce Lp(a) and other atherogenic lipoproteins and particles in four weeks. [L]
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