Benzoylform

Optimal Result: 0 - 3.6 nmol/mg Creatinine.

Benzoylform is also known as Phenylglyoxylic Acid and a marker for Styrene exposure. Styrene is a chemical used to make latex, synthetic rubber, and polystyrene resins. These resins are used to make plastic packaging, disposable cups and containers, insulation, and other products. Styrene is also produced naturally in some plants.

Breathing high levels of styrene may cause changes in color vision, tiredness, feeling drunk, slowed reaction time, concentration problems, or balance problems. Hearing loss has been observed in animals exposed to very high concentrations of styrene.

Styrene used in insulation, fiberglass, plastic pipes, automobile parts, shoes, drinking cups and other food containers, and carpet backing.

Some examples of workers at risk of being exposed to styrene include the following:

  • Workers in the reinforced plastics industry
  • Workers involved in styrene polymerization
  • Factory workers in rubber manufacturing
  • Workers in industries that use styrene polyester resin
  • Employees of photocopy centers

→ Benzoylformate has been associated with metabolism of adrenaline and noradrenaline, and phenylketonuria.

→ In a review of 2005–2006 and 2011–2012 NHANES data (N=4690), smokers had 2-fold and 1.6-fold higher levels.

→ Eating more vegetables and fruit was associated with decreased levels.

What does it mean if your Benzoylform result is too high?

Benzoylform is also known as Phenylglyoxylic Acid and a marker for Styrene exposure. Styrene is a chemical used to make latex, synthetic rubber, and polystyrene resins. These resins are used to make plastic packaging, disposable cups and containers, insulation, and other products. Styrene is also produced naturally in some plants.

→ Benzoylformate has been associated with metabolism of adrenaline and noradrenaline, and phenylketonuria.

→ In a review of 2005–2006 and 2011–2012 NHANES data (N=4690), smokers had 2-fold and 1.6-fold higher levels.

→ Eating more vegetables and fruit was associated with decreased levels.

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