Optimal Result: 0 - 0.0001 Units.

Taeniasis in humans is a parasitic infection caused by the tapeworm species Taenia saginata (beef tapeworm), Taenia solium (pork tapeworm), and Taenia asiatica (Asian tapeworm). Humans can become infected with these tapeworms by eating raw or undercooked beef (T. saginata) or pork (T. solium and T. asiatica). People with taeniasis may not know they have a tapeworm infection because symptoms are usually mild or nonexistent.

Taenia solium tapeworm infections can lead to cysticercosis, which is a disease that can cause seizures, so it is important to seek treatment.


- Fecal contamination of undercooked pork (T. solium) or beef (T. saginata)

- T. solium is found worldwide, but prevalent in communities who raise and eat pigs

- T. saginata is prevalent in Africa, parts of Eastern Europe, the Philippines, and Latin America where people raise cattle and eat raw beef

Clinical Implications:

- May be asymptomatic or present with mild symptoms

- Symptoms include abdominal pain, nausea, weakness, increased appetite, loss of appetite, headache, constipation, dizziness, diarrhea, pruritus ani, hyperexcitability, and anemia

Therapeutic Options and Considerations:

Infections may be treated with albendazole or praziquantel

- Consider anti-parasitic herbal treatments, gut immunity support, and the 5R Protocol (see this blog post)

- Look for and remove sources of reinfection

What does it mean if your Taenia spp. result is too high?

Taenia spp. is a tapeworm.

Cattle are intermediate hosts for T. saginata. Humans are infected by eating cysticerci (larval form) in raw or undercooked beef.

Infection with the beef tapeworm, Taenia saginata, may cause mild gastrointestinal upset or passage of a motile segment in the stool.

It is treated with praziquantel.

People may be asymptomatic or have mild digestive symptoms including epigastric discomfort, nausea, flatulence, diarrhea, or hunger pains.

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