Vitamins & Minerals

Vitamins and minerals are substances obtained from food and supplements needed for normal growth and body processes. Deficiencies in certain vitamins and minerals can interfere with normal body function.

Folate (Folic Acid)

Optimal range:  5.3 - 20 ng/mL

Folate belongs to the B vitamin family and is used for healthy cell development.  Folate is water-soluble and is expelled daily in urine. For this reason, it is important that our diets have enough folate in them to make up for the loss. Deficiency can easily be caused by conditions that impair absorption in the digestive tract. 

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Optimal range:  2.5 - 4.5 mg/dL

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Vitamin A

Optimal range:  18 - 77 ug/dL

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Vitamin B1

Optimal range:  66.5 - 200 nmol/L

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Vitamin B12

Optimal range:  300 - 647 pg/mL

Vitamin B12 is essential in many basic bodily functions. High levels are not usually cause for concern, but low levels may indicate a medical deficiency or disease. In America, food such as cereal and grains are enriched with many essential vitamins, including vitamin B12. For this reason, dietary deficiency is rare.

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Vitamin C

Optimal range:  0.2 - 2.3 mg/dL

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Vitamin D

Optimal range:  40 - 60 ng/mL

Vitamin D, frequently called the “sun vitamin,” is an essential component of the systems that our bodies use to keep bones and teeth strong. It also has important, emerging roles in immune function and cancer prevention. We have natural processes that regulate vitamin D production from the sun so extremely high levels of it are rare. Deficiency can cause a number of issues including weak bones, called osteomalacia.

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