Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a common disorder affecting the large intestine, characterized by a range of symptoms including abdominal pain, bloating, gas, and altered bowel habits like constipation, diarrhea, or a mix of both. Its exact cause remains unclear, but factors like muscle contractions in the intestine, nervous system abnormalities, inflammation in the intestines, severe infections, or changes in gut bacteria are thought to play a role. IBS is a chronic condition, but many people manage symptoms through diet, lifestyle changes, and stress management. The diagnosis of IBS typically involves ruling out other conditions, as there's no definitive test for it. Treatment focuses on symptom relief and can include dietary adjustments, such as increasing fiber intake or eliminating trigger foods, and medications to control muscle spasms, diarrhea, or constipation. Psychological therapies like cognitive-behavioral therapy or counseling can also be beneficial, as stress can worsen IBS symptoms. It's important to consult healthcare professionals for personalized advice and treatment plans.